Translate: Chinese (traditional, simplified) | Spanish | Korean | French | Japanese

button     sign on

American Certification Body

 

Japan Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC)

Japan MIC Certification FAQs

Japanese Radio Certification

American Certification Body Inc. (ACB) Receives Recognition for Japan

Device Certification Services to Japanese Radio Law Now Available

ACB has been approved in the first round of Certification Bodies recognized to perform Certification for wireless devices to Japanese Radio Law, increasing market-access for manufacturers on both sides of the Pacific.

Under a bi-lateral agreement, the US and Japan have effected the implementation of a Mutual Recognition Arrangement that allows the acceptance of certification decisions under each respective country’s regulations. This new arrangement - and ACB’s program - now offers more options for device manufacturers.

Prior to the agreement and the recognition of ACB, it was necessary to test and certify products in Japan. This new recognition allows ACB clientele to submit applications and gain approval in the US. "This is a great boon to our clients, especially given the global nature of the high-technology market," says Dennis Ward, Director of Engineering for ACB. “It rounds out our certification authority to include this important market.”

To obtain an approval, one must generate a report and demonstrate conformance (and submit to a Certification Body). To determine what data must be collected, it is necessary to refer to the ordnances that cover the specified equipment, notably the "Ordinance concerning Technical Regulations Conformity Certification of Specified Radio Equipment (aka Ordinance of the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications No. 37, 1981)." This document lays out the various types of equipment and what data are to be collected and what instrument is used to collect the data.

This process is the end-result of a public-private partnership and commitment; a commitment that improves the trade and good relationship between the US and Japan, now more important than ever. NIST and the FCC partnered with their counterparts in Japan at the MIC to develop the criteria for mutual acceptance. On the private side in the US, ANSI and ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board (ANAB) provided the necessary accreditations. On the private side in Japan, DSP Research led invaluable technical liaison and fostered communications amongst the various partners.

ACB can certify licensed and unlicensed devices, such as 802.11 a/b/g/ac/d devices operating in the 2.4 and 5 GHz spectra. Japan's MIC requirements largely mimic FCC, Industry Canada and European radio approvals as many devices are harmonized according to ETSI/EN and IEEE specifications for wireless communications. The Japan Radio Law refers to "ITEMs" that dictate the technical requirements for the device compliance. The list of some common items are provided below:

Article 2 Paragraph 1 of Certification Ordinance
Item 19: Low Power Data Communication System in the 2.4GHz band (2400-2483.5 MHz)
Usage: Private Land Mobile Radio Services, Data Communication, Wireless LAN, Bluetooth, ZigBee
Category WW

Article 2 Paragraph 1 of Certification Ordinance
Item 19-2: 2.4 GHz band low-power data communication system (2471-2497 MHz)
Usage: Private Land Mobile Radio Services, Data communication, WLAN, ZigBee

Article 2 Paragraph 1 of Certification Ordinance
Item 19: 5GHz Band Out-Door type Low Power Data Communication System (W56 band)
(This classification has interference protection function as part of the requirements, i.e., DFS and carrier sense)

Article 2 Paragraph 1 of Certification Ordinance
Item 8: Specified low-power radio equipment (data transmission for self-contained medical instruments)
Usage: Private Land Mobile Radio Services, Data communication
(This classification is for medical telemetry use)

Article 2 Paragraph 1 of Certification Ordinance
Item 28-3: Class III radar
Usage: Maritime Services, A Rader for Navigations

Many other classifications of equipment can be found in the "Ordinance Regulating Radio Equipment" and the "Ordinance concerning Technical Regulations Conformity Certification etc. of Specified Radio Equipment" which contains technical requirements for the various equipment (frequency, power limits, antenna gain requirements, occupied bandwidth, emissions designations and other related requirements).

The Association of Radio Industries and Businesses has translated several of the MIC requirements into English. These are "unofficial" translations of the Japan Certification Requirements, however they are often used as a primary guide to testing and certification for Japan MIC. A list of these standards are available here in Japanese and, where available, in English:

Further to the radio equipment approvals under the Japanese Radio Law, there are also requirements for devices that connect to the public network under the Japanese Telecommunications Business Law. These include the so-called "T" Certification, which is necessary for the usual equipment (such as mobile phones and the like) as well as equipment that provides public access to the internet, such as 'coffee shop' WiFi hotspots and access points.

Recent Guidance for Japan MIC Certification FAQs

  1. Clarification of Reporting Required
     
    MIC has recently changed requirements for CBs and now require the test report, external photos and certificate exhibits be submitted to MIC. With this new requirement, MIC expects to see a summary table of Interference Prevention Function as well as other items necessary for Certification.
  2. Measurements required (screenshots of data collected):

    Occupied bandwidth at the rated voltage
    Unwanted emissions at the rated voltage
    Adjacent channel power
    Out of band power
  3. Test summary required (screenshots not required):

    Interference protection
    Carrier sense
    DFS
    SAR
  4. Interference Protection Guidance

    The interference prevention requirement is a requirement that client devices should send an identification code to the master device in order to identify itself as a valid/authorized client.

    In the case of the interference prevention function it must be demonstrated with either a photograph or a screen capture that the device which needs to be certified transmits a MAC address (in the case of BT+EDR, BLE, Wi-Fi or ZigBee devices) consisting of 48 bits. Since a MAC address does consist of 48 bits it is not a problem of meeting the requirement.

    An acceptable result is to take a screen shot to demonstrate that the MAC address is 48 bits, as shown below.


    screen shot to demonstrate that the MAC address is 48 bits

    The intent of this requirement is that client devices which do not have a valid identification code cannot connect to the master device (such unauthorized client devices therefore cannot “interfere” with authorized client devices because unauthorized client devices will not be allowed to connect to the master).

    This requirement applies to all 2.4 GHz devices (in fact, this requirement applies to most transmitters/transceivers when they are intended to be used in Japan). For 2.4 GHz devices the identification code must consist of 48 bits.
     
    The majority of 2.4 GHz devices are still WLAN, Bluetooth or ZigBee devices. In such cases one of the IEEE 802.xx protocols will be used. As it happens (and this is probably not a coincidence) the MAC address which is assigned to such devices consists of 48 bits.

    As a result of said changes in the Japanese Radio Law the test laboratory (now) needs to verify the operation/existence of the interference prevention function and needs to report the result(s) of this test in the test report.

    A method of demonstrating this is to pair the device with a PC that has a software to detect packets and determine the MAC address.

    Two such packages are (user must assess applicability):

    Netstumbler:netstumbler.en.softonic.com
    Ethereal:www.paessler.com/packet_sniffing
     
  5. Labeling

    5.1 GHz operation

    Operation in the 5.15-5.25 and/or 5.25-5.35 GHz bands is restricted to indoor use only.

    LABEL: 電波法により5.2/5.3 GHz帯は屋内使用に限ります
    (Translation: “5.2/5.3 GHz band is restricted to indoor use due to the Radio Law.”)

    5.2 Module Integration

    If you are installing a Wi-Fi module which already has Japan certification then it is not necessary to certify your host device.

    There is some text which is recommended to place on your product, to show that it contains a certified radio module.

    当該機器には電波法に基づく、技術基準適合証明等を受けた特定無線設備を装着している

    (Translation: “This equipment contains specified radio equipment that has been certified to the Technical Regulation Conformity Certification under the Radio Law.”)
  6. Permissive Changes

    Japanese Radio Law is ambiguous where it concerns “permissive changes” on certified equipment and for which cases it would be allowed to continue to use the same certification number. In any case, each permissive change needs to be submitted to the certification body for review and if it is possible to keep using the same certification number the certification body will then issue a new certificate for the same certification number but with a revised date of issue.
     
    Please note that the certification number contains the identification number of the certification body which certified the device in question. Because of this it is not possible to use any certification body for Japan in case permissive changes need to be reviewed. Permissive changes must always be filed at the certification body which issued the original certificate.

    It is highly recommended to ask the certification for their opinion on a case-by-case basis in case of intended permissive changes. The certification body can then provide their recommendation of how to test (where required), how to submit the permissive change application and if the same certification number could still be used.
  7. Output Power Measurement for Bluetooth Hopping Devices

    The correct method of measuring RF output power for Bluetooth is to measure the RF output power with the device hopping:

    Antenna power(mW/MHz) = output power(mW) / Burst Ratio / Spreading Bandwidth (MHz)
  8. Compliance with the Telecommunications Business Law

    Devices that connect directly or indirectly to the public network (and this is carrier systems as well as the public internet) must comply with Article 9 of the Telecommunications Business Law. This is is a requirement that is designed to provide a minimum Quality of Service (QoS) for users of the public networks.

    It requires that a radio transmits an identification code in order to identify itself on the network (it’s like assigning an unique phone number to each transmitter).
  9. 401-406 MHz MEDS/MICS Interference Protection Requirements

    The transmission of the ID code is not related to the LBT/CS function. The LBT/CS function basically means that the transmitter needs to check/listen if the operating channel is clear and not being used by other transmitters. It needs to do a LBT/CS check every time before it transmits. If the operating channel is clear the transmitter then starts to transmit its ID code after which data is transmitted. The receiving device receives the ID code + data. The receiver checks if the ID code is valid and then accepts the data if it is valid. If the ID code is not valid the receiver will ignore the data.

    Or, in an alternate configuration, the transmitter transmits its ID code, the receiver checks it and if the ID code is valid the receiver informs the transmitter to go ahead with transmitting the data.

    In a device which contains multiple transmitters, all individual transmitters must meet the interference protection function requirement. The 401-406 MHz transmitter must support it and the 2.4 GHz transmitter(s) must support it and both transmitters will need to be tested individually.

    The manufacturer of the device should provide how an ID code, used to identify the transmitter on the network or communications link, has been implemented in the 401-406 MHz transmitter and of how many bits it exists.

    Note: for medical transmitters (e.g. operating in the 401-406 MHz band) the requirement is that the ID code consists of 24 bits minimum.

 

 

ACB, with operations in North America, China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and the UK, serves the technology market and device manufacturers seeking fast wireless approvals.

ACB can advise on the necessary tests and methods.

Contact your regional ACB representative for more info.

Request a quote

 

acbcert.com

About ACB

Process Guide

Certification Overview

FAQs

Tools for FCC Testing and Certification

Documents

Directors Blog

Services

FCC Certification

Industry Canada

Notified Body

Japan/MIC - Japanese Radio Certification

China, SRRC, CCC Mark and MII

Worldwide Approvals

FCC/IC/CE Certification Cost

Seminars and Training

Seminars and Webinars

Seminar Archives

News for Engineers in the Certification and Testing industry

"Packets" Certification Newsletter 

 

Contact

North America

Europe

China

Taiwan

Request a Quote

e-File

Certification Survey

Request Verification of a Certificate/Grant or Approval